What is Academic Competence?
Cooperative learning behaviors necessary to successfully complete group-related academic tasks.
Behaviors that reflect attentive, active participation in class.
A student’s level of investment in and willingness to exert necessary effort for comprehension of complex ideas or mastery of difficult skills.
The extent of students’ emotional reactions to teachers, classmates, and school in general as well as their feelings of belonging within a school/class and their valuing of academic success/outcomes.
Students’ approach, persistence, and level of interest regarding academic subjects.
Academic Attitudes and Beliefs
Attitudes or beliefs students have about themselves in relation to academic work.
Behaviors or strategies that facilitate the processing of new academic material.
Academic Enablers Predict Students’ Academic Success
Academic enablers have been consistently found to be key predictors of student achievement. A review synthesizing evidence from over 70,000 students found that one academic enabler, study skills, were key predictors of college G.P.A. – even controlling for traditional standardized test scores (Credé & Kuncel, 2008).
Academic Enablers Predict Students’ Life Success
Beyond success in the classroom, academic enablers predict life and career success. For example, a large scale study found that academic enablers rivaled cognitive skills as predictors of hourly wages, high school/college completion, and career longevity (Heckman, Stixrud, & Urzua, 2006).
Academic Enablers Can be Taught and Practiced
Perhaps most important, academic enablers can be improved with well-targeted interventions. One study synthesizing research on nearly 40,000 students found that motivational interventions have strong effects on students’ academic achievement and behavior (Lazowski & Hulleman, 2016).